Where is the Andes mountain range located?

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Where is the Andes mountain range located?

Where is the Andes mountain range located?

South America The Andes mountain range (in Spanish Cordillera de los Andes) is an important mountain range in South America, located in the westernmost part of the continent, which crosses seven states: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina, some of which are known as Andean countries: ...

How is the Andes mountain range formed?

Morphologically, the cordillera is formed by numerous irregular chains that meet and diverge, isolating high plateaus and enclosing deep valleys, originating from the erosion of the rivers and glaciers that covered it in the Quaternary, affecting the characteristic shapes of the high altitude reliefs.

Where do the Andes begin?

Andes (sp. Cordillera de los Andes) The main mountain system in South America (and one of the largest in the world), which extends for 7500 km from the Gulf of Paria (10 ° lat. N) to Cape Horn (56 ° lat. S ), affecting 8 states.

Who lives in the Andes?

Two species of deer, the taruca and the huemul live in the Andean mountains of South America. More specifically, the former lives mainly in Peru and Bolivia while the latter can be identified in Argentina and Chile. These animals are characterized by a robust and well built body with short legs.

Why do earthquakes often occur in the Andes?

The contact line of the two plates is called the Sant'Andrea fault and corresponds to the main one of a complex system of faults. This unstoppable movement accumulates enormous tensions in the rocks which, when released, cause terrible earthquakes that can move the earth even meters.

When did the Andes form?

The main current mountain ranges would begin to form at 23:59:59 on December 22; that is for 8 days and a few tenths of a second; (on this scale, 1 day corresponds to approximately 12,5 million years; .833 years; 1 minute = 8.680,5 years; 1 second = approximately 145 years).

How did the Andean volcanoes form?

It was formed as a result of the subduction of the Nazca plate and the Antarctic plate below the South American plate. The belt is divided into four volcanic zones separated from each other by areas without volcanism. ... The Romeral volcano, in Colombia, is the northernmost among the active members of the range.

Why do earthquakes often occur in the Andes?

The lava finds easy upwelling channels along the fractures that form in the rocks and flows to the surface building impressive volcanoes. ... This unstoppable movement accumulates enormous tensions in the rocks which, when released, cause terrible earthquakes that can move the earth even meters.

What are the inhabitants of the Andes called?

The Andean populations The Andean mountain range has been inhabited since ancient times and even today in this region a fairly significant number of descendants of those populations to which the first Spaniards arrived in Latin America gave the name of Indios continue to live.

What is the highest peak in the Andes?

Aconcagua Andes / Highest point The highest mountain in South America South America has the highest mountains in the world after Asia. The highest peak is Mount Aconcagua (6.962 m), it is located in Argentina and reaches seven thousand meters. The other highest peaks also belong to the Andes mountain range.

How many volcanoes are there in the Andes?

The current active volcanoes, which began to form about 15 million years ago, are about fifty, distributed in 4 series, Colombian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian-Bolivian, Chilean-Argentine: among the largest, the Tolima (5215 m), the Cotopaxi (5897), the Nevado del Ruiz (5400).

Why is it called the Cordillera?

CORDIGLIERA (sp. Cordillera, "mountain chain"). - Name given by the Spaniards to the great mountain ranges of South America and also to some of Central America.

Why do earthquakes occur in the Andes?

The Nazca plate moves east-nor-east at a speed of about 74 millimeters per year and slips under the South American plate starting from Peru. This has created gigantic fractures, called faults, which occasionally discharge their energy causing earthquakes. A LONG HISTORY OF SEISMS.

Which Federal Republic overlooks the Atlantic for over 4000 km and includes some of the greatest peaks in the world such as Aconcagua?

Its official name is the Republic of Chile (in Spanish: República de Chile) with the capital Santiago de Chile.

What is the highest mountain in the Andes?

Aconcagua Andes / Highest Point South America has the highest mountains in the world after Asia. The highest peak is Mount Aconcagua (6.962 m), it is located in Argentina and reaches seven thousand meters. The other highest peaks also belong to the Andes mountain range.

Why do earthquakes often occur in the Andes?

The contact line of the two plates is called the Sant'Andrea fault and corresponds to the main one of a complex system of faults. This unstoppable movement accumulates enormous tensions in the rocks which, when released, cause terrible earthquakes that can move the earth even meters.

How high is Aconcagua?

6.961 m Aconcagua / Altitude The highest mountain in South America South America has the highest mountains in the world after Asia. The highest peak is Mount Aconcagua (6.962 m), it is located in Argentina and reaches seven thousand meters. The other highest peaks also belong to the Andes mountain range.

How many square km is Argentina?

2.780.000 km² Argentina/Area
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